eDiscovery is short for electronic discovery, which is defined as the process of discovery in civil litigation that is carried out in electronic formats. It encompasses what most often is referred to as electronically stored information, or ESI.

Examples of the types of ESI included are emails, instant messaging chats, documents, accounting databases, CAD/CAM files, Web sites, and any other electronic information that could be relevant evidence in a lawsuit. Also included in ediscovery are “raw data” and “metadata,” which forensic investigators can review for hidden evidence.

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